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Türk-İslam Sanatları

'Osmanlı Medeniyeti' kategorisi için arşiv

İcazet Töreni Nedir?

İcazet, genellikle islam sanatları alanında, ustanın talebesine verdiği, bir nevi diplomadır.

Kelime manası olarak izin, ruhsat demek olup, bu izinin resmedildiği belgeye ise icazetname denir. Yani icazetnameler günümüz dilinde, mezuniyet belgesi veya dıploma olarak kullanılır. Bu belgelerin verildiği törenlere ise İcazet Töreni veya İcazetname Töreni denir. Hat sanatında talebenin hocası ile birlikte genelde iki ayrı hocanın daha imzası ve muvafakatı ile icazetname düzenlenir. 

Hakkakzade Mustafa Hilmi

Hakkakzade Mustafa Hilmi Efendi’ye ait örnek bir icazetname

 

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Ahmed Karahisari – احمد شمس ا لدين قراهسارى

Elhamdülillâh + Müselsel Besmele + İhlâs Sûresi

Elhamdülillâh + Müselsel Besmele + İhlâs Sûresi

Ahmed Karahisari (1468–1566) was an Ottoman calligrapher.

Karahisari was born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Unlike most of the Ottoman calligraphers of his era he did not follow the style of Sheikh Hamdullah, but adopted the trend of Yakut-ı Mustasımi. He created the best examples of the script varieties of Thuluth and Naskh. However, apart from his students, this style was not widely accepted.

His most important work is the Quran which he penned for Suleiman the Magnificent (reigned 1520-1566), which is preserved today at the Topkapi Palace.

In terms of the technique and innovations made to the calligraphy, he is considered one of the most important three Ottoman calligraphers along with Sheikh Hamdullah and Hâfiz Osman.

Basmala is executed in thuluth in a style called muusalsal (an Arabic term meaning chained or continuous) written without lifting the pen and in one continuous line.

Basmala is executed in thuluth in a style called muusalsal (an Arabic term meaning chained or continuous) written without lifting the pen and in one continuous line.

 

Among the followers of Karahisari style his student Hasan Çelebi is renowned as much as himself.

He died in Istanbul.

Sources:
Islamic art. B. Barbara (1991). British Museum Press. p. 240.
Sacred Script: Muhaqqaq in Islamic Calligraphy, N. Mansour, M. Allen. p.180.

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Medeniyetin Başşehri İstanbul Karakalem Sergisi

 Türkiye’nin ilk araştırma gravür karakalem sergisi.

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