Kalem Güzeli

Türk-İslam Sanatları

'calligraphy' ile ilgili yazılar

Golden age of Arab and Islamic Culture

“Baghdad, at the confluence of two cultures, Aramaean and Greek, became, in the tenth century, the intellectual center of the world.” As capital of the caliphate, Baghdad was also to become the cultural capital of the Islamic world. Our purpose is to show, as briefly as possible, the role that this region played in the transmission of the knowledge of antiquity, in the evolution of religious attitudes, and in the flowering of Arabic literature. We shall not try to find out, any more than did the caliphs of the period, whether the actors were Iranians, Arabs, Moslems, Christians, or Jews. Men of letters and of science had gathered in this city either through cultural affinity or because they had been summoned to the caliph’s court for their worth or their competence.An effort was made to keep the language and the religion at an indispensable cultural level. In reality, there was but a single aim: It was necessary to study the structure and the rules of the language of the Koran in order to have the language respected and understood.

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Mustafa “Suyolcuzade Eyyubi” (d. 1685)

He was born in Istanbul, and was the grandfather of the Suyolcuzade Mehmed Necib who wrote a work entitled “Devha-tül Kuttab” on the subject of Turkish calligraphers.
He learned the art of calligraphy and received his icazet from Dervish Ali “Birinci”, a pupil of Halid Erzrumi. He himself taught Hafiz Osman, one of his very numerous pupils. He flourished during the reign of Sultan Mehmed IV.

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Mustafa Kutahi (d.1787)

As his name indicates he was born in Kütahya. He learned the art of calligraphy from Mustafazade Süleyman Effendi, a pupil of Ibrahim of Rhodes. He died in 1202 H.

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